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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Social and Cultural Adaptation of Korean Youth in the Former USSR (1920s-1930s)

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2018, v.58 no.2, pp.141-168
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2018.58.2.141
(National Research University Higher School of Economics)
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Abstract

This article analyzes social and cultural adaptation of Korean youth in the former USSR in 1920s–1930s. After the March First Movement in 1919, the Korean youth were cruelly prosecuted by the Japanese gendarmerie. Thousands of young Koreans were forced to leave their homeland and seek shelter in Manchuria or the Russian (Soviet) Far East. The adaptation of Korean youth to economic, political, and cultural life in Soviet Russia had several stages, as they sought to obtain legal status and find a niche in the production chain sufficient to sustain their long-term existence in a strange land. Each turning period in Russian history transformed the mentality and sense of national identity of Korean youth, and consequently Korean culture and language underwent transformation. With each transition period, the Korean migrants’ native language was used less and less in public places, and over time, it was spoken only among family and friends. Thus, the Koreans gradually became integrated into Russian culture and the Russian language became their primary language of communication.

keywords
Soviet power political repressions the Communist Party Korean revolutionaries enlightenment education

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