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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Modern Forms of Ordinary Architecture in Seoul’s Jongno District in the 1950–60s and Their Significance

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2017, v.57 no.1, pp.90-127
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2017.57.1.90

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Abstract

This article aims to analyze the changes in architectural forms of 161 ordinary buildings in Seoul’s Jongno district during the 1950s and 1960s and to evaluate the meaning of such changes from the perspective of the modernization of ordinary 1960s architecture and the establishment of modern architecture. Ordinary architecture is not designed by formally trained architects and thus is not sophisticated in design. However, it is socially and culturally meaningful as an outcome of the acceptance of architectural forms driven by public tastes. Korean architectural forms of the 1950s and 1960s were modernized through post-war reconstruction and economic development, increased production, and the modernization of society. An examination of this period shows that the forms of ordinary Korean architecture underwent change and became modernized. In particular, the universalization of the reinforced concrete structure represents the reception of functional and rational properties along with changes in facade design and floorplans. Ordinary Korean architecture borrowed from modern Japanese and Western architectural forms while transforming them into its own. An analysis of ordinary Korean architecture of the 1950s and 1960s reveals that the modernization in architecture that was incomplete during the Japanese colonial period became popularized in South Korea of the 1960s.

keywords
Korean architecture of the 1950s and 1960s Jongno ordinary architecture architectural forms modern architecture modernization

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