바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

logo

  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

The Development of Copyright and the Status of Writers in Korea from the 1880s to the 1930s

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2016, v.56 no.4, pp.120-141
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2016.56.4.120

  • Downloaded
  • Viewed

Abstract

Copyright, a right exclusively granted to authors based on the originality of their work, is an essential institution for the establishment of modern literature. As a basic right guaranteeing the existence of professional writers of modern literature, copyright is quintessential to the status of authors as actors of modern literature. Writers in colonial Korea lacked a clear grasp of the modern yet discriminatory political systems of copyright and publication law. Under circumstances demanding self-censorship, writers were unable to actively demand copyright protection, as they lacked pride in their work and sold it at low prices as a way out of poverty. Under colonial rule, the importance of a writer’s economic rights through acknowledging the originality of their literary work was overlooked, while pangwon (publication right) was universally used by publishers as an exclusive sales right for publication. The social status of writers was established through social developments that secured revenue for authors, such as the establishment of standards for manuscript rates and restrictive royalty payments. However, since “copyright” was not politically, economically, or legally guaranteed throughout the development of modern literature, writers had to find solace in the idea that members of their profession inevitably had to endure poverty. Under colonial rule, the importance of a writer’s economic rights, enabled by acknowledging the originality of their literary work, was overlooked, while pangwon (publication right) was universally used by publishers as an exclusive right for publication. The social status of writers was established through social developments which secured revenue for authors, such as the establishment of standards for manuscript rates and for restrictive royalty payments. However, since “copyright” was not politically, economically, or legally guaranteed throughout the development of modern literature, writers had to find solace in the idea that the members of their profession inevitably had to endure poverty.

keywords
copyright pangwon (publication right) writer modern Korean literature Japanese colony

Reference

1.

Bang, Hyo Soon. 2001a. “Ilje sidae jeojakgwon jedo-ui jeongchak gwajeong-e gwanhan yeongu” (A Study on the Copyright System during the Period of Japanese Occupation in Korea). Seojihak yeongu (Journal of the Institute of Bibliography) 21: 215–250.

2.

Bang, Hyo Soon. 2001b. “Ilje sidae mingan seojeok balhaeng hwaldong-ui gujojeok teukseong-e gwanhan yeongu” (A Study on the Characteristics of the Commercial Book Publishing Structure during the Japanese Occupation of Korea). PhD diss., Ewha Womans University.

3.

Gugyeo [Yang Geon-sik]. 1916. “Chunwon-ui soseol-eul hwanyeong-hanora” (I Welcome Chunwon’s Novel). Maeil sinbo (Daily News), December 29.

4.

Han, Kee Hyung. 1996. “1910 nyeondae sinsoseol-e michin chulpan yutong hwangyeong- ui yeonghyang” (Impact of the Publication and Distribution Environment on Sinsoseol in the 1910s). Hanguk hakbo (Journal of Korean Studies) 22.3: 119–150.

5.

Han, Kee Hyung. 1999. Hanguk geundae soseolsa-ui sigak (Perspectives on the History of Korea’s Modern Literature). Seoul: Somyung.

6.

Han, Kee Hyung. 2007. “Singminji geomnyeoljang-ui seonggyeok-gwa geundae tekseuteu” (The Characteristics of Colonial Censorship and Modern Texts). Minjok munhaksa yeongu (Journal of Korean Literary History) 34: 416–446.

7.

Jang, Sin. 2009. “1920 nyeondae joseon-ui eollon chulpan gwangyebeop gaejeong nonui-wa ‘joseon chulpanmullyeong’” (The Debate on the Press Law of Joseon in the 1920s and the Joseon Publication Decree). Hanguk munhwa (Korean Culture) 47: 261–282.

8.

Joo, Hyeuk Kyu. 2009. “Jeoja-ui jeojakgwon nonjaeng: 18 segi-eseo Wordsworthkkaji” (The Debate over the Author’s Copyright: From the Eighteenth Century to William Wordsworth). Yeongeo yeongmunhak 21 (English 21) 22.4: 101– 122.

9.

Kim, Dong-in. 1948. “Joseon-ui sowi pangwon munje” (The So-Called Matter of Publication Rights in Joseon). Sincheonji (New World) (January): 64–68.

10.

Kim, Dong-in. 1968. “Mundan samsimnyeon-ui jachwi” (Footprints of Thirty Years as a Writer). In vol. 8 of Kim Dong-in jeonjip (Complete Works of Kim Dongin). Seoul: Hongja.

11.

Kim, Jongsoo. 2011. “Ilje singminji munhak seojeok-ui geundaejeok wisang” (The Modern Status of Literary Books in Colonial Korea). Uri eomun yeongu (The Study of Korean Language and Literature) 41: 453–483.

12.

Kwon, Cheol-ho. 2012. “1920 nyeondae ttakjibon sinsoseol yeongu” (A Study on the Ttakjibon Novels in the 1920s). Master’s thesis, Seoul National University.

13.

Kwon, Jung Hee. 2010. “Singminji joseon-ui beonyeok/beonan-ui wichi: 1910 nyeondae jeojakgwonbeop-eul jungsim-euro” (The Status of Translation/ Adaptation in Colonial Joseon: Focusing on Copyright Law in the 1910s). Bangyo eomun yeongu (Journal of Bangyo Language and Literature) 28: 297– 320.

14.

Lee, Hyun-Seok. 1997. “Jeojakgwon, dokchangseong, munhak” (Copyright, Originality, and Literature). An-gwa bak (In/Outside: English Studies in Korea) 2: 72–122.

15.

Lee, Jongkuk. 1996a. “Hanguk-ui geundae inswae chulpan munhwa yeongu: sinseojeok-gwa keu inswae chulpan insik-eul jungsim-euro” (A Study on Modern Printing and the Publication Culture of Korea: Focusing on New Books and the Perception of Their Printing and Publication). In Inswae chulpan munhwa-ui giwon-gwa baldal-e gwanhan yeongu nonmunjip (A Collection of Papers on the Origin and Development of Printing and Publication Culture), edited by Korean Publishing Association, 78–99. Seoul: Cheongju Early Printing Museum.

16.

Lee, Jongkuk. 1996b. “Hanguk gaehwagi-ui inswae chulpan munhwa yeongu: gaehwagi- ui inswae chulpan insik-eul jungsim-euro” (A Study on Printing and Publication Culture during the Korean Enlightenment Period: Focusing on the Perception of Printing and Publication during the Korean Enlightenment Period), pt. 2. Inswaegye (Graphics World) 255 (January): 92–115.

17.

Nam, Seok Soon. 2008. “1910 nyeondae sinsoseol-ui jeojakgwon yeongu” (A Study on the Copyright of Sinsoseol in the 1910s). Dongyanghak (Oriental Studies) 43: 1–27.

18.

No, Ja-yeong. 1925. “Cheoreomneun gippeum” (Childish Joy). Joseon mundan (Joseon Literary World) 6: 67–70.

19.

Rose, Mark. 1988. “The Author as Proprietor: Donaldson v. Becket and the Genealogy of Modern Authorship.” Representations 23: 51–85.

20.

Yi, Gwang-su. 1921. “Munsa-wa suyang” (Writers and Self-Cultivation). Changjo (Creation) 8: 9–18.

21.

Yi, Ryang. 1926. “Munyesijangnon-e daehan pyeoneon” (A Few Words on Literary Markets). Gaebyeok (Genesis) 70: 115–116.

Korea Journal