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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

The Spatial Structure under the Treaty Regime and Its Dismantling (1876-1910): The Boundary between the Sea and the Land

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2016, v.56 no.2, pp.61-80
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2016.56.2.61

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Abstract

From a European perspective, all lands were either European territories or their potential colonies. In contrast, the sea remained a free space outside all territorial orders and was open to all countries. In the nineteenth century, Europe created new spaces in Asian countries by forcing them to conclude a treaty. In the case of Korea, the spatial structure under the treaty regime resembled concentric circles centered around a “foreign settlement,” a “mixed residence zone within a distance of 10 Korean ri (approx. 4 km) from the foreign settlement” and then the “interior.” This structure was a kind of spatial representation of the view towards the interior, which lay beyond the boundary of the foreign settlement, and a plan of spatial division for the land, the Korean Peninsula. The process of colonization of Korea was also a process of dismantling the structure. Until the annexation of Korea in 1910, the Korean Peninsula became a huge sea, and it was upon the sea that a new order of colonial Korea, named the exterior of the Japanese archipelago, began to develop.

keywords
sea land exterior interior the spatial structure under the treaty regime the process of colonization of Korea

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