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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Land Reform and Colonial Land Legislation in Korea, 1894–1910

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2014, v.54 no.3, pp.126-149
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2014.54.3.126

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Abstract

This article aims to identify how Japanese colonial land legislation was establishedthrough the use or exclusion of the Korean government’s autonomous land reforms. In order to set up the legislation of modern land ownership in Korea, it was necessarythat the government grapple with several problems: confirming the concept ofmodern land ownership, resolving the multilayered land ownership system, andidentifying the principal subject of ownership to guarantee safe land transactions. First, the Korean government accepted the concept of modern land ownership in theJapanese Civil Code. Secondly, while attempts by the Korean government to resolvemultilayered land ownership were unsuccessful, the Japanese Residency-General ofKorea forcefully took away the rights of multilayered landowners without compensation. Thirdly, although the Korean government created a land register and issuedland ownership deeds, the subject of ownership remained unclear and thus the realestate registration system of Japan was introduced. Existing traditions and customsin Korea were combined with new legislation from Japan in order to create colonialland legislation.

keywords
land survey modern land ownership state land multilayered land ownership colonial land legislation

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