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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Evidence of Taekwondo’s Roots in Karate: An Analysis of the Technical Content of Early Taekwondo Literature

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2014, v.54 no.2, pp.150-178
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2014.54.2.150
Udo Moenig


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Abstract

The taekwondo establishment presents taekwondo as the descendent of ancient Koreanmartial arts. However, during the last two decades, some scholars have begun toquestion this presentation, contending instead that taekwondo is the product ofKoreans who studied karate in Japan during the Japanese colonial years, and thenintroduced karate to Korea after coming home. A comprehensive survey of the existingKorean martial arts literature published between 1945 and 1970 strongly supportsthe argument that early “taekwondo” had in fact been Japanese karate, or morespecifically, Funakoshi Gichin’s Shotokan karate. Therefore, the assertion that earlytaekwondo had its roots in Korean martial arts is difficult to sustain.

keywords
taekwondo karate quanfa gwan Korean martial arts literature review

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