바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

logo

  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Uncovering the Confucian Foundation of Public Sector Welfare in Joseon

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2013, v.53 no.1, pp.31-64
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2013.53.1.31

  • Downloaded
  • Viewed

Abstract

Through a case study on Korea’s Joseon dynasty, the primary purpose of this article is to uncover the Confucian foundation of public sector welfare in the kingdom era of East Asia’s history and to discuss the unlikelihood of realizing Confucian idealism in a pre-industrial country that was experiencing cycles of poverty and natural disasters. To this end, this article answers the following research questions: What are the central philosophical and political ideas of Confucianism? In what ways are the Confucian concepts of wangdao politics and datong society related to public sector welfare? How did Joseon’s minbon (minben in Chinese) ideology influence the establishment of its public welfare system? What were the main attributes and programs of Joseon’s welfare institutions? Finally, why did Confucian idealism fail to materialize in Joseon?

keywords
Confucianism Joseon dynasty public sector welfare minbon politics

Reference

1.

Ahn, Byoung-ju. 1986. “Yugyo-ui minbon sasang yeongu” (A Study on the Minbon Ideology of Confucianism). PhD diss., Sungkyunkwan University.

2.

Ahn, Byoung-ju, et al., trans. and anno. 1985. Maengja (Mencius). Busan: Chungmok.

3.

Bae, Chung-jin. 1999. “Yugyo sasang-gwa sahoe bokji inyeom-e gwanhan yeongu” (A Study on Confucian Thought and Social Welfare Ideology). Master’s thesis, Hanshin University.

4.

Bae, Jeom-mo. 2003. “Maengja-ui sasang-gwa hanguk-ui haengjeong munhwa” (Mencius’ Ideas and Korean Cultures of Public Administration). Hanguk sahoe-wa haengjeong yeongu (Korean Society and Public Administration) 14.3: 1-22.

5.

Borchert, Donald M. 2006. Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Detroit: Thomson Gale.

6.

Buswell Jr., Robert E. 2007. Religions of Korea in Practice. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

7.

Choi, Bae-keun. 1998. Hanguk-ui gyeongje-ui yeoksajeok insik: yureop jungsimjeok sago-ui geukbok (A Historical Review of Korean Economy: An Alternative to Eurocentric Way of Thinking). Seoul: Pakyoungsa.

8.

Choi, Byoung-seon, et al. 2010. Dasan-ui haengjeong sasang (Dasan Jeong Yak-yong’s Administrative Ideology). Seoul: Daeyoung Munhwasa.

9.

de Bary, Theodore. 1959. “Some Common Tendencies in Neo-Confucianism.” In Confucianism in Action, edited by David S. Nivision and Arthur F. Wright. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

10.

Deuchler, Martina. 1992. The Confucian Transformation of Korea: A Study of Society and Ideology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

11.

Englehart, Neil A. 2000. “Rights and Culture in the Asian values Argument: The Rise and Fall of Confucian Ethics in Singapore.” Human Rights Quarterly 22: 548-568.

12.

Hahm, Chaibong. 2002. “Confucian Political Discourse and the Politics of Reform in Korea.” In Korean Politics: Striving for Democracy and Unification, edited by the Korean National Commission for UNESCO. Seoul: Hollym.

13.

Ham, Se-nam, et al. 1996. Seonjinguk sahoe bokji baldalsa (The Development of Social Welfare in Advanced Countries). Seoul: Hongikjae.

14.

Han, Woo-keun. 1970. Hanguksa (The History of Korea). Seoul: Eulyoo Publishing.

15.

Han, Young-woo. 2000. Wangjo-ui seolgyeja Jeong Do-jeon (Jeong Do-jeon: The Architect of a Kingdom). Seoul: Jisik Sanupsa.

16.

Hoare, James, and Susan Pares. 2000. Korea: The Classic Introduction. London: Kegan Paul.

17.

Im, U Dang. 1983. Gongja-ui sasang (The Thought of Confucius). Seoul: Hyunamsa.

18.

Jeong, Duk-ki. 1987. Hanguk sahoe gyeongjesa yeongu (The History of Korean Society and Economy). Seoul: Hyungseul Publishing Co.

19.

Kihl, Young Whan. 2005. Transforming Korean Politics: Democracy, Reform, and Culture. Armonk: M. E. Sharpe.

20.

Kim, Heaseung. 2001. “The Problems and Their Causes in the Economic System of Chosun Dynasty.” Korean Social Science Review 35.3: 107-128.

21.

Kim, Hyun-chul. 1999. “Bak Yeong-hyo-ui geundae gukga gusang-e gwanhan yeongu” (Bak Yeong-hyo’s Ideas on the Modern State). PhD diss., Seoul National University.

22.

Kim, Myoung-ha. 1997. Jungguk godae-ui jeongchi sasang (The Political Thought of Ancient China). Daegu: Chunglim.

23.

Kim, Phil-dong. 1999. Chabyeol-gwa yeondae (Discrimination and Solidarity). Seoul: Moonji.

24.

Kim, Un-tai. 1981. Joseon wangjo haengjeongsa (The Administrative History of the Joseon Dynasty). Seoul: Pakyoungsa.

25.

Kwon, Oh-gu. 2000. Sahoe bokji baldalsa (A History of Social Welfare Development). Seoul: Hongikjae.

26.

Lee, Byung-kap. 2010. “Noneo-ui in gaenyeom bunseok-gwa haengjeonghakjeok hamui” (The Virtue of Benevolence in the Analects of Confucius and Its Administrative Implication). Hanguk haengjeong nonjip (Korean Public Administration Quarterly) 22.3: 959-973.

27.

Lee, Byoung-woo. 2000. Hanguk yuhak sasang-ui ingan ihae-wa yulli (Human Beings and Ethics in the Korean Confucian Thought). Seoul: Litobook.

28.

Lee, Ki-baik. 1984. A New History of Korea. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

29.

Lee, Min-su. 2000. Joseon jeongi sahoe bokji jeongchaek yeongu (A Study on the Social Welfare Policy of the Early Joseon Dynasty). Seoul: Haean.

30.

Lee, Peter. 1993. Sourcebook of Korean Civilization. Vol. 2. New York: Columbia University Press.

31.

Lou, Yu-lie. 1997. “Confucianism and Bureaucratic Cultures in China.” In Confucian Thought and Bureaucracy in East Asia, edited by Rho Chunghyun. Seoul: KIPA.

32.

McLean, Iain. 1996. Oxford Concise Dictionary of Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

33.

Palais, James B. 1991. Politics and Policy in Traditional Korea. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

34.

Park, Byung-ryun. 2000. “Jeong Do-jeon-ui jeongchi sasang-gwa yugyojeok gwallyo cheje-ui jaeseolgye” (Jeong Do-jeon: His Political Thought and Redesign for Confucian Bureaucratic System). Hanguk sahoe-wa haengjeong yeongu (Korean Society and Public Administration) 11.2: 125-138.

35.

Park, Cha-sang. 1999. Hanguk sahoe bokji haengjeongnon (Korean Social Welfare Administration). Seoul: Daihak Publishing.

36.

Park, Seong-su. 1999. Joseon-ui bujeong bupae (Bureaucratic Corruption in Joseon Society). Seoul: Gyujanggak.

37.

Park, Soon-woo. 2004. “The Struggle for Social Citizenship in Korea: 1945-1997.” PhD diss., London School of Economics.

38.

Peterson, Mark. 2010. A Brief History of Korea. New York: Facts on File.

39.

Rhee, Young-hoon, et al. 2005. Suryang gyeongjesa-ro dasi bon joseon hugi (The Late Joseon Reexamined through Quantitative Economic History). Seoul: Seoul National University Press.

40.

Song, Bok. 1999. Dongyangjeok gachiran mueot-inga? (What are Eastern Values?). Seoul: Center for Future Human Resources.

41.

Turnbull, Stephen. 2002. Samurai Invasion: Japan’s Korean War 1592–98. London: Cassell.

42.

Walsh, M., et al. 2005. Social Policy and Welfare. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes.

43.

Yang, Baik-jun. 2002. Gongja yeokju (Analects of Confucius, Translated and Annotated). Daegu: Jungmun.

44.

Yoon, Sa-soon. 1986. “Hanguk seongnihak-ui jeongae-wa teukjing” (Development and Characteristics of Korean Neo-Confucianism). In Hanguk sasang-ui simcheung yeongu (An In-depth Study of Korean Thought), edited by Cho Myoung Ki et al. Seoul: Woosuk.

45.

Yoon, Sa-soon. 1990. Joseon sidae seongnihak-ui yeongu (A Study on the Joseon Dynasty’s Neo-Confucianism). Seoul: Institute of Korean Studies, Korea University.

46.

Yu, Byoung-yong, et al. 2002. Yugyo-wa bokji (Confucianism and Welfare). Seoul: Baeksan Publishing.

Korea Journal