바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

logo

  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

A Comparative Study of a Slow City and an Urban Region: A Deeper Look into the Quality of Life in Hadong-gun and Busan

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2011, v.51 no.4, pp.181-208
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2011.51.4.181

  • Downloaded
  • Viewed

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to advocate the establishment of slow cities by providing evidence that contrasts the lives of urban region residents to those of slow city residents. Methods such as factor analysis, correlation analysis, and t-testing were used to compare residents’ perceptions of the quality of life in a slow city and in an urban region. The results show that slow city residents are generally satisfied with the conditions of the local infrastructure, including public safety, regional environment, economic conditions, and participation in the community. However, their level of satisfaction was lower in comparison to the residents in the urban region with regards to educational opportunities, cultural activities, and health care. This finding suggests that more attention needs to be placed on these areas, while maintaining current ways of living and preserving traditional values. The residents of the slow city need to be informed of the conflicts that arise between preservation and development. Any improvements that will enhance their quality of life need to be made within specific boundaries. The research provides grounds to justify both the designation of slow cities and promote the slow city movement by strengthening residents’ understanding and support of the project.

keywords
slow city urban region quality of life satisfaction local infrastructure

Reference

1.

Anspaugh, David, Michael Hamrick, and Frank Rosato. 2000. Wellness: Concept and Application. 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

2.

Baek, Doo-Joo. 2008. “Daeanjeok jiyeok baljeon model-e gwahan yeongu: jeonnam jangheung-gun-ui seullo citi jijeong jiyeok-eul jungsim-euro” (A Study on the Model of Alternative Regional Development: Focusing on the Slow City in Jangheung-gun County). Hanguk jiyeok gaebal hakhoeji (Journal of the Korean Regional Development Association) 20.4: 111-139.

3.

Bark, Hyung-Min. 2010. “Dosi-ui beomjoe balsaeng wonin” (Causes of Urban Crimes). Dosi munje (Urban Affairs) 45.503: 17-22.

4.

Busan Development Institute. 2010. “Busan yeongsang senteo geollip saeop tadangseong jaejosa bogoseo” (A Report on the Resurvey of the Busan Cinema Center Construction Project). http://www.bdi.re.kr/program/researchreport/lstResearchReport.asp?dept=&year=&cate=&SType=ReR_Title&SString=부산영상idx=730&page=.

5.

Cho, Sang-Hee, and Kim Jin-Hee. 2009. “Jinhae-si udo gwangwang jawon gaebal gyehoek-e ttareun geojumin uisik-e gwanhan sarye yeongu” (The Plan to Develop Udo Island into a Tourist Attraction and the Reactions of the Island Residents). Gwangwang rejeo yeongu (Journal of Tourism and Leisure Research) 20.4: 315-333.

6.

Cho, Sang-Phil. 2008. “Gukje seullo siti gaip gibon yogeon mit jiyeok baljeon sijeom” (Requirements for Joining the International Slow City Network and Its Implications for the Local Development). Regioninfo 116.

7.

Cho, Sung-Chul, and Lim Up. 2009. “Changjo dosi-ui jisok ganeungseong-gwa jisok ganeunghan changjo dosi” (Building a Creative City with Sustainability: Beyond a Fashion Label). Hanguk jiyeok gaebal hakhoeji (Journal of the Korean Regional Development Association) 21.3: 367-383.

8.

Cho, Woo-Je. 2009. “Welbing teurendeu rohaseu-e gwanhan oesik sobija-ui insik chai-ga menyu seontaek-e michineun yeonghyang” (Different Perspectives of Consumers on the Well-Being Trend Called LOHAS and Their Menu Selections). Hanguk jori hakhoeji (Korean Journal of Culinary Research) 15.3: 307-323.

9.

Chung, Cheol-Mo. 2009. “Seonjinguk-ui dosi jaesaeng-eul wihan pateuneoswip jedo-e gwanhan yeongu” (A Study on the Partnership for Urban Regeneration in Developed Countries). Dosi haengjeong hakbo (Journal of the Korean Urban Management Association) 22.1: 69-91.

10.

Dillman, Don A., and Kenneth R. Tremblay. 1977. “The Quality of Life in Rural America.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 429.1: 115-129.

11.

Evans, David R. 1994. “Enhancing Quality of Life in the Population at Large.” Social Indications Research 33.1: 47-88.

12.

Garhammer, Manfred. 2002. “Pace of Life and Enjoyment of Life.” Journal of Happiness Studies 3.3: 217-256.

13.

Glatzer, Wolfgang. 2008. “Quality of Life in the European Union and the United States of America: Evidence from Comprehensive Indices.” Applied Research in Quality of Life 1.2: 169-188.

14.

Han, Hyung-Soo. 2004. “Hanguk sahoe dosi noin-ui sam-ui jil-e gwanhan yeongu” (A Geriatric Study on the Quality of Life of Urban, Senior Citizen Residents). Sahoe bokji jeongchaek (Social Welfare Policy) 19: 113-142.

15.

Han, Ji-Sook, and Sohn De-Hyun. 2010. “Seullo siti maeryeok bunseok: cheongsando-reul jungsim-euro” (An Analysis on the Slow City’s Attractiveness: A Focus on Cheongsando). Gwangwang yeongu (Korean Journal of Tourism Research) 25.2: 1-19.

16.

Ham, Joung-Hyun, and Kim Jong-Nam. 2010. “Nongchon jiyeok yeongeo hwangyeong gaeseon-eul wihan yeongeo doseogwan hwaryong bangan” (A Study on the Application of the English Library for English Education Improvement in Rural Areas). Hanguk nongchon jido hakhoeji (Korean Journal of Agricultural Extension) 17.2: 261-277.

17.

Kang, Dae-Koo. 2007. “Gwinong donggi-e ttareun gwinong jeongchak gwajeong, nongeop gyoyuk-gwa injeok jawon gaebal” (The Return Motive Type of Return Farmers and Their Adaptation Process). Nongeop gyoyukgwa injeok jawon gaebal (Journal of Agricultural Education and Human Resource Development) 39.1: 59-98.

18.

Kang, In-Sung. 2007. “Gonggong jeongchaek chamyeo-ui hwalseonghwa-reul wihan jumin chamyeo yeongnyang, gwajeong, seonggwa pyeongga-e gwanhan yeongu” (A Study on Participation Capacity, Process, and Performance Evaluation of Citizens’ Active Policy Involvement). Hanguk jeongchaekhak hoebo (Korean Journal of Policy Studies) 16.4: 29-56.

19.

Kang, In-Won. 2001. “Saengtae gwangwang gaebal-e gwanhan yeongu” (A Study on the Strategy of Ecotourism Development). Jiyeok sahoe gaebal yeongu (Community Development Review) 26.2: 207-230.

20.

Kim, Song-Yee. 2008. “Hanguk eomeoni-ui janyeo gyoyuk yeol: gajeong-ui sahoe inguhakjeok teukseong-gwa eomeoni-ui simnijeok teukseong-eul jungsim-euro” (Korean Mothers’ Fervor for Their Children’s Education: With a Focus on Demographic and Psychological Characteristics). Daehan gajeong hakhoeji (Journal of Korean Home Economics Association) 46.2: 13-23.

21.

King, Kathleen B., et al. 1992. “Patient Perception of Quality of Life after Coronary Artery Surgery: Was It Worth It?” Research Nursing and Health 15.5: 327-334.

22.

Knox, Paul L. 2005. “Creating Ordinary Place: Slow Cities in a Fast World.” Journal of Urban Design 10.1: 1-11.

23.

Kwen, Yong-Hyun. 2009. “A Study on Construction and Application of Evaluation Indicators in Quality of Life.” PhD diss., Daegu University.

24.

Lee, Chan-Hee. 2009. Hadong-gun daedo gaebal gyehoek (A Development Plan for Daedo, Hadong-gun County). Changwon: Gyeongnam Development Institute.

25.

Lee, Chang-Seek, and Yoon Joon-Sang. 1999. “Nongchon pyegyo-ui hwaryong bangan-e gwanhan yeongu” (A Study on the Utilization of Facilities of Rural Closed Schools). Nongchon jido-wa gaebal (Journal of Agricultural Extension and Community Development) 6.1: 55-73.

26.

Lee, Sang-Jin. 2005. “Toji-ui pyeongsa-ri jiyeok hyeongsanghwa-wa seosajeok uimi jeondal” (Embodiment and Narrative Meanings of Pyeongsa-ri in Toji). Baedalmal (Korean Language) 37: 262-286.

27.

Lim, Joon-Tae. 2004. “Dosi sahoe-wa beomjoe yebang” (Urban Communities and Crime Prevention). Dosi munje (Urban Affairs) 39.432: 8-10.

28.

Meyers, Dowell. 1987. “Community-Relevant Measurement of Quality of Life: A Focus on Local Trends.” Urban Affairs Quarterly 23.1: 108-125.

29.

Mayer, Heike, and Knox Paul L. 2006. “Slow Cities: Sustainable Places in a Fast World.” Journal of Urban Affairs 28.4: 321-334.

30.

Oh, Dong-Hoon, and Hong Jung-Ui. 2009. “Hangukhyeong seullo siti-ui baljeon banghyang-e gwanhan sogo” (A Study on How a Slow City’s Development is Suitable to Korea). Dosi haengjeong hakbo (Journal of the Korean Urban Management) 22.3: 267-294.

31.

Park, Dae-Shik, and Ma Sang-Hin. 2007. “Dosi-wa nongchon jumin-ui sam-ui jil jisuhwa bangan yeongu” (How to Index the Quality of Life of Urban and Rural Residents). Nongchon gyehoek (Journal of Rural Development) 30. 4: 31-55.

32.

Park, Gong-Ju, Yoon Soon-Duck, and Kang Kyeong-Ha. 2006. “Euntoe hu gwinongin-ui nongchon saenghwal manjokdo-e yeonghyang-eul michineun yoin” (Factors Affecting the Rural Life: The Satisfaction Level of Retired, Returned Farmers). Nongchon gyehoek (Journal of Rural Development) 12.4: 63-76.

33.

Park, Hee-Jung, Jang Hee-Jung, and Son Dae-Hyun. 2008. “Seullou tueorijeum chamgaja manjokdo-e gwanhan yeoungu” (A Study on Slow Tourism Participant Satisfaction: The Case Study of Slow City Jeungdo Travelers). Gwangwang yeongu nonchong (Journal of Tourism Studies) 20.2: 43-63.

34.

Park, Kyoung-Moon, et al. 2008. “Gungnae seullo siti baljeon bangan yeongu” (A Study on the Development of the Slow City in Korea). Jirihak yeongu (Geographical Journal of Korea) 42.2: 268-284.

35.

Park, Seong-Bog. 2003. “Sam-ui jil-ui gaenyeom-gwa bigyo bangbeop” (The Concept and Comparison Method for Quality of Life). Hanguk jeongchaek gwahak hakhoebo (Journal of Korean Association for Policy Sciences) 7.3: 57-79.

36.

Parkins, Wendy, and Craig Geoffrey. 2006. Slow Living. Oxford: Berg.

37.

Pink, Sarah. 2008. “Sense and Sustainability: The Case of the Slow City Movement.” Local Environment 13.2: 95-106.

38.

Rogerson, Robert J., et al. 1989. “Indicators of Quality of Life: Some Methodological Issues.” Environment and Planning A.12.12: 1655-1666.

39.

Sohn, De-Hyun. 2006. “Uri nara doseo gwangwang gaebal-ui gibon jeollyak” (Tourism Strategy in Korea). Gwangwang rejeo yeongu (Journal of Tourism and Leisure Research) 18.1: 267-283.

40.

Williams, Anne S., and Jobes C. Patrick. 1990. “Economic and Quality-of-Life Considerations in Urban-Rural Migration.” Journal of Rural Studies 6.2: 187-194.

41.

Yoo, Eun-Young, and Yoon Chi-Keun. 2006. “Nongchon noin ibwon hwanja-ui jilbyeong yuhyeong-gwa uiryo iyong siltae bunseok” (A Study on the Disease Patterns of the Elderly Patients in Rural Hospitals). Hanguk bogeon jeongbo tonggye hakhoeji (Journal of the Korean Society of Health Information and Health Statistics) 31.2: 41-53.

42.

Yu, Eui-Joo. 2009. “Chungnam yesan-gun seullo siti gongsik seoneon” (Yesangun, Chungcheongnam-do Province, Officially Declared Itself a Slow City). Yonhap News, December 9.

43.

Statistics Korea. http://www.kostat.go.kr.

44.

Cittaslow Corea Network. http://www.cittaslow.kr.

45.

Cittaslow International Network. http://www.cittaslow.net.

Korea Journal