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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

The Controversy over the Legitimacy of the Korean Provisional Government during the Period of the National Representative Conference in Shanghai

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2011, v.51 no.3, pp.169-195
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2011.51.3.169

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Abstract

This paper sees the core problem faced by the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea as one of legitimacy and attempts to examine the National Representative Conference held in Shanghai in 1923 in consideration of the controversy over the Provisional Government’s legitimacy. Activists of the Korean independence movement founded the Provisional Government as a government in exile amidst this vacuum of legitimate authority, in line with the spirit of the March First Movement of 1919. However, the Provisional Government proved unable to establish supreme authority. Efforts to build the legitimacy of the Provisional Government culminated in the organization of the National Representative Conference (NRC), which brought together various independence movement activists. During the NRC, the legitimacy of the Provisional Government’s supreme authority was approached from four different perspectives: historical, constitutional, democratic, and value-oriented.

keywords
Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea Provisional Congress March First Independence Movement National Representative Conference (NRC) Dongnip sinmun (Independence News) democratic republic Japanese colonial regime legitimacy popular will

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