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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

“Dynamics of Contention” in Democratic Korea: The Role of Anti-Americanism

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2011, v.51 no.2, pp.229-255
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2011.51.2.229


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Abstract

This paper analyzes the symbiotic and mutually reinforcing relationship between the anti-American movement and other social movements in democratic South Korea since 1987. Proposing a new typology of anti-Americanism, the paper formulates and develops an argument that the anti-American movement has substantially contributed to the success and survival of South Korea’s social movements. The anti-American movement should not be classified as one of the many social movements active in South Korea; rather, it is a special movement that performs various functions integral to the rise, expansion, unity, and success of social movements in general. The collaboration of the anti-American movement and other social movements is also transforming the character of the anti-American movement itself. The metamorphosis of the anti-American movement into diverse new social movements makes it more sophisticated, accessible, appealing, open, and flexible. Thus transformed, the anti-American movement will likely provide an important source of vitality for civic engagement and make significant contributions to South Korean democracy.

keywords
anti-Americanism social movements contentious politics protests democracy

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