바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

logo

  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Philosophical Implications of the Discussion of Mibal in the Horak Debate of the Late Joseon Period

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2011, v.51 no.1, pp.97-117
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2011.51.1.97

  • Downloaded
  • Viewed

Abstract

In the East Asian intellectual context emphasizing the unity between human and the nature, Neo-Confucian scholars of Joseon displayed a profound interest in accomplishing the moral state of pure good without evil. The discussion on mibal 未發(the state where thoughts and emotions have not been aroused)within the Horak debate asked whether humans, with all their thoughts and desires, can free their mind-hearts from the influences of their innate temperaments (gijil 氣質). This study examines how the mind-heart was interpreted in the framework of the li-qi theory (igi ron 理氣論) as illustrated by the debates between two Joseon Neo-Confucian scholars, Yi Gan and Han Won-jin. Yi Gan and other Nak-ron scholars asserted that the mind-heart was “pure” in mibal and could therefore be established as the legitimate moral agent connected to original nature (bonseong 本性). On the other hand, Ho-ron scholars, including Han Won-jin, argued that one must accept the presence of qi 氣in the mibal state even though qi does not function in such a state, because it is only through qi that li 理can be manifested in reality.

keywords
Horak debate Yi Gan Han Won-jin li qi mibal original mindheart cultivation of the mind-heart

Reference

1.

Confucius. n.d. Zhongyong 中庸(Doctrine of the Mean).

2.

Han, Won-jin. 1741. Gyeongui gimunnok 經義記聞錄(Review of Neo-Confucianism).

3.

Han, Won-jin. 1765[?]. Namdangjip 南塘集(The Collected Works of Namdang Han Won-jin).

4.

Yi, Gan. n.d. Oeam yugo 巍巖遺稿(The Posthumous Writings of Oeam Yi Gan).

5.

Yi, I. n.d. Yulgok jeonseo 栗谷全書(The Complete Works of Yulgok Yi I).

6.

Zhu, Xi. n.d. Zhuxiji 朱熹集(The Collected Works of Zhu Xi).

7.

Cho, Sung-san. 2006. “Joseon hugi nangnongye hakpung-e daehan yeongu hyeonhwang-gwa jeonmang” (Current Status and Prospect of Studies on Nak-ron’s Scholarship during the Late Joseon Period). Oneul-ui dongyang sasang (Eastern Thoughts Today) 14.

8.

Choi, Young-Jin. 2009. “Joseon seongnihak-ui simhakhwa gyeonghyang” (Trends in Joseon Neo-Confucianism Focused on Mind Learning). In Hanguk cheolhaksa (The History of Korean Philosophy). Seoul: Saemunsa.

9.

Choi, Young-Jin, Hong Jung Geun, and Lee Cheon Sung. 2003. “Horak nonjaeng-e gwanhan yeongu seonggwa bunseok mit jeonmang” (Analysis of the Outcomes of Studies on the Horak Debate and Their Prospect). Yugyo sasang yeongu (Study of Confucian Thoughts) 19.

10.

Kim, Tae-neon. 2006. “Namdang Han Won-jin-ui ‘jeonghak’ hyeongseong-e daehan yeongu” (Study of Establishment of the “Right Learning” of Namdang Han Won-jin). PhD diss., Korea University.

11.

Lee, Bong Kyoo. 1996. “Song Si-yeol-ui seongnihakseol yeongu” (Study of Neo-Confucianism of Song Si-yeol). PhD diss., Seoul National University.

12.

Lee, Cheon Sung. 1996. “Namdang Han Won-jin-ui junghwaseol-e gwanhan yeongu” (Study of the Zhonghe Theory of Namdang Han Won-jin). M.A. thesis, Sungkyunkwan University.

13.

Lee, Cheon Sung. 2008. “Oeam Yi Gan-ui bonsim hamyang suyangnon-e gwanhan yeongu” (Study of Oeam Yi Gan’s Method of Self-Cultivation Focusing on Nurturing the Original Mind-Heart). Hanguk sasang-gwa munhwa (Korean Thoughts and Culture) 45.

14.

Lee, Cheno Sung. 2009. “Yulgok hakpa-ui suyangnon yeongu” (Study of Self-Cultivation Theory of Yulgok Yi I’s Scholarly Line). Yugyo sasang yeongu (Study of Confucian Thoughts) 35.

15.

Lee, Seung-Hwan. 2007a. “Juja suyangnon-eseo seong-gwa seonghyang” (Nature and Temperament in Zhu Xi’s Self-Cultivation Theory). Dongyang cheolhak (Eastern Philosophy) 28.

16.

Lee, Seung-Hwan. 2007b. “Juja-neun wae mibal chein-e silpae hayeonneunga: donam hakjeok suyangnon-ui teukjing-gwa jeonseung gwajeong-eul jungsim-euro” (Why Did Zhu Xi Fail to Recognize Mibal: Focusing on the Features and Transmission of the Self-Cultivation Theory of the Daonan School). Cheolhak yeongu (Journal of Korean Philosophical Society) 35.

17.

Lee, Seung-Hwan. 2010. “Namdang miballon-gwa gongburon-ui hyeonsiljeok hamui” (Implications of the Mibal Theory and the Studying Theory of Han Won-jin). Cheolhak yeongu (Journal of Korean Philosophical Society) 40.

18.

Sho, Hyun Sung. 2005. “Jangsik-ui junghwaseol” (The Zhonghe Theory of Zhang Shi). Dongyang cheolhak (Eastern Philosophy) 22.

Korea Journal