바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

logo

  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Discursive Structures and Cultural Features of Nak-ron Thought in Late Joseon Korea

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2011, v.51 no.1, pp.42-71
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2011.51.1.42

  • Downloaded
  • Viewed

Abstract

In the eighteenth century, classic revivalism (bokgojuui 復古主義) emerged as a scholarly method for East Asian intellectuals in search of a new self-identity after the dynastic shift from Ming to Qing. Amidst this trend of the East Asian intellectual world, the Horak debate that arose among Joseon scholars was a peculiar phenomenon. Its basis was on the Noron’s political and scholarly positions founded upon Zhu Xi Confucianism (Jujahak 朱子學), which was incompatible with classic revivalism. Noron labeled classic revivalism negatively as classic imitationalism (uigojuui 擬古主義), and, in that context, the Nak-ron group of the Noron emphasized presentness and universality by arguing the equalness of past and present, the mind-hearts of sages and commoners,and natures of humans and animals. However, the Horak debate and the ideas that it represented began to decline in the nineteenth century in various ways, caused by, for example, Nak-ron’s overemphasis on presentness, its assimilation into Ho-ron, and the emergence of classic revivalism in Joseon Korea.

keywords
Ho-ron Nak-ron cheongi Tang-Song Ancient Literature trueview landscape paintings classic revivalism presentness universality Horak debate

Reference

1.

Bak, Ji-won. n.d. Yeonamjip 燕巖集(The Collected Works of Yeonam Bak Jiwon). Vols. 1, 7, and 12.

2.

Choe, Seong-hwan. n.d. Seongnyeongjip 性靈集(Anthology of Poems in Accordance with Seongnyeong Theory).

3.

Hong, Gil-ju. n.d. Pyorong eulcheom 縹礱乙㡨(Collection of Writings by Hong Gil-ju). Vol. 16.

4.

Hong, Seok-bo. n.d. Sueunjip 睡隱集(The Collected Works of Sueun Hong Seok-bo). Vol. 2.

5.

Jeon, U. n.d. Ganjaejip 艮齋集(The Collected Works of Ganjae Jeon U). Vol. 12.

6.

Jo, Seong-gi. n.d. Jolsujaejip 拙修齋集(The Collected Works of Jolsujae Jo Seong-gi). Vols. 2, 6, and 11.

7.

Kim, Chang-heup. n.d. Samyeonjip 三淵集(The Collected Works of Samyeon Kim Chang-heup). Vol. 33.

8.

Kim, Chang-hyeop. n.d. Nongamjip 農巖集(The Collected Works of Nongam Kim Chang-hyeop). Vols. 32 and 34.

9.

Kim, Jeong-hui. n.d. Wandang jeonjip 阮堂全集(The Complete Works of Wandang Kim Jeong-hui). Vol. 5.

10.

Kim, Mae-sun. n.d. Daesanjip 臺山集(The Collected Works of Daesan Kim Mae-sun). Vol. 16.

11.

O, Hui-sang. n.d. Nojujip 老洲集(The Collected Works of Noju O Hui-sang). Vols. 23 and 24.

12.

O, Se-chang. n.d. Geunyeok seohwajing 槿域書畵徵(Collection of Writings by O Se-chang). Vol. 5.

13.

Ogyu, Sorai 荻生徂徠. n.d. 『辨道』(Distinguishing the Way).

14.

Yi, Hang-ro. n.d. Hwaseojip 華西集(Collection of Writings by Hwaseo Yi Hang-ro). Vol. 19.

15.

Bito, Masahide 尾藤正英. 1974. 『日本の名著(16) 荻生徂徠』(Ogyu Sorai: Vol. 16 of Classic Writings of Japan). Tokyo: Chuo Koronsha.

16.

Chen, Zhenlian 陳振濂. 2000. Jungguk seobeop baldalsa (History of the Development of Chinese Calligraphy). Translated by Kim Hong-Chol. Cheongju: Cheongju University Press.

17.

Cho, Sung-san. 2003. “17 segi mal 18 segi cho nangnongye munpung-ui hyeongseong-gwa jujahakjeok uiriron” (The Formation of Nak-ron’s Literary Style and Zhu Xi Confucian Moralism from the Late 17th to Early 18th Century). Hanguk sasang sahak (Study of Korean History of Thought) 21.

18.

Cho, Sung-san. 2006. “Joseon hugi nangnongye hakpung-e daehan yeongu hyeonhwang-gwa jeonmang” (Current Status and Prospect of Studies on Nakron’s Scholarship during the Late Joseon Period). Oneul-ui dongyang sasang (Eastern Thoughts Today) 14.

19.

Cho, Sung-san. 2007. Joseon hugi nangnongye hakpung-ui hyeongseong-gwa jeongae (The Formation of Nak-ron in the Late Joseon Dynasty: Its Academic Transition and Statecraft Thought). Seoul: Jisik Saneopsa.

20.

Cho, Sung-san. 2009a. “18 segi huban 19 segi jeonban jujahakjeok jisik chegyeui gyunyeol-gwa geu uimi” (The Fission in the Knowledge System of Neo-Confucianism and Its Meaning from the Latter Half of the 18th Century to the First Half of the 19th Century in Korea). Yeoksa gyoyuk (History Education) 110.

21.

Cho, Sung-san. 2009b. “18 segi huban 19 segi jeonban daecheong insik-ui byeonhwa-wa saeroun junghwa gwannyeom-ui hyeongseong” (Change in the Recognition of Qing from the Latter Half of the 18th Century to the First Half of the 19th Century and Formation of New Sino-Centralism). Hanguksa yeongu (Journal of Korean History) 145.

22.

Cho, Sung-san. 2009c. “Joseon hugi sorongye-ui godaesa yeongu-wa junghwajuuiui byeonyong” (Modified Sino-Centrism: The Studies of Ancient History of Soron). Yeoksa hakbo (Korean Historical Review) 202.

23.

Choi, Young-Jin, Hong Jung Geun, and Lee Cheon Sung. 2003. “Horak nonjaeng-e gwanhan yeongu seonggwa bunseok mit jeonmang” (Analysis of the Outcomes of Studies on the Horak Debate and Their Prospect). Yugyo sasang yeongu (Study of Confucian Thoughts) 19.

24.

Chung, Woo Bong. 1992. “19 segi siron yeongu” (Study of Nineteenth-Century Poetry). PhD diss., Korea University.

25.

Chow, Kai-wing. 1994. The Rise of Confucian Ritualism in Late Imperial China. California: Stanford University Press.

26.

Elman, Benjamin A. 2004. Seongnihak-eseo gojeunghak-euro (From Philosophy to Philology). Translated by Yang Hwi-ung. Seoul: Yemun Seowon.

27.

Furuta, Motoo 古田元夫. 2008. Beteunam-ui segyesa (The World History of Vietnam). Translated by Park Hong-young. Seoul: Gaesin.

28.

Han, Young-Woo. 1989. “17 segi jungyeop namin Heo Mok-ui gohak-gwa yeoksa insik” (Namin Heo Mok’s Understanding of Ancient Studies and History in the Mid-17th Century). In Joseon hugi sahaksa yeongu (Study on the History of Historiography in the Late Joseon Period). Seoul: Iljisa.

29.

Hong, Sun Pyo. 1999. Joseon sidae hoehwasa ron (Review of the History of Painting in the Joseon Dynasty). Seoul: Munye Chulpansa.

30.

Inoue, Tetsujiro 井上哲次郞. 1915. 『日本古派之哲』(The Philosophy of the Japanese School of Ancient Studies). Tokyo: Fuzambo.

31.

Jung, Ok-Ja. 1991. “Misu Heo Mok-ui hakpung” (The Scholarly Tradition of Heo Mok). In Joseon hugi jiseongsa (History of Intellectuals in the Late Joseon Period). Seoul: Iljisa.

32.

Kho, Youenhee. 1996. “17 segi mal 18 segi cho baegaksadan-ui myeongcheong munhak suyong yangsang” (Baegak Group’s Reception of Ming and Qing Literature in the Late 17th and Early 18th Centuries). Dongbanghak (Korean Studies) 1.

33.

Kho, Youenhee. 2007. Joseon sidae sansuhwa (Landscape Paintings in the Joseon Period). Seoul: Dolbegae.

34.

Kim, Dong-geon. 1992. Misu heomok-ui seoye yeongu (Study of Heo Mok’s Calligraphy). M.A. thesis, Hongik University.

35.

Kim, Gi-hong. 1983. “Hyeonje simsajeong-ui namjong hwapung” (Sim Sajeong’s Paintings of the Southern School Style). Gansong munhwa (Gansong Culture) 25.

36.

Kim, Joon-Suk. 1987. “Heo Mok-ui yeangnon-gwa gunjuron” (Heo Mok’s Theory of Ritual, Music, and Kingship). Dongbang hakji (Journal of Korean Studies) 54-56.

37.

Koyasu, Nobukuni 子安宣邦. 2006. 『宣長講義』(Lecture on Norinaga Studies). Tokyo: Iwanami.

38.

Kwon, Oh Young. 1984. “Shin Gi-seon-ui dongdoseogiron yeongu” (Study of the Theory of Eastern Way and Western Technology by Shin Gi-seon). Cheonggye sahak (Journal of Cheonggye History Society) 1.

39.

Maruyama, Masao 丸山眞男. 1995. Ilbon jeongchi sasangsa yeongu (History of Japanese Political Thoughts). Translated by Kim Seog Geun. Seoul: Tongnamu.

40.

Moon, Suk-yoon. 2006. Horak nonjaeng hyeongseong-gwa jeongae (The Formation and Development of the Horak Debate). Seoul: Dong-gwa Seo.

41.

Motoori, Norinaga 本居宣長. 1985. 『本居宣長全集』(The Collected Works of Motoori Norinaga). Vol. 17. Tokyo: Chikuma Shobo.

42.

Park, Eun-sun. 2002. “Joseon hugi saui-jeok jingyeong sansuhwa-ui hyeongseong-gwa jeongae” (The Formation and Development of Conceptualized True-View Landscape Paintings). Misulsa yeongu (Study of Art History) 16.

43.

Park, Eun-sun. 2006. “Gyeomjae Jeong Seon: joseon-ui sansu, nun-euro bogo gaseum-euro geurinda” (Jeong Seon: Joseon Landscape Seen through the Eyes and Painted by the Heart). In Hanguk-ui misulga (Korean Painters). Seoul: Sahoe Pyeongnon.

44.

Park, Kwang-Yong. 1994. “Joseon hugi tangpyeong yeongu” (A Study of the Great Equalization Policy in the Late Joseon). PhD diss., Seoul National University.

45.

Shin, Gi-seon. 1981. Shin Gi-seon jeonjip 申箕善全集(The Complete Works of Shin Gi-seon). Vol. 15. Seoul: Asea Munhwasa.

46.

Sim, Kyung-Ho. 2004. “Joseon hugi hanmunhak-gwa won goengdo” (Chinese Literature in the Late Joseon Period and Yuan Hongdao). Hanguk hanmunhak yeongu (Study of Chinese Literature in Korea) 34.

47.

Tu, Weiming 杜維明. 1994. Han jeolmeun yuhakja-ui chosang: cheongnyeon wang yang-myeong (Neo-Confucian Thought in Action: Wang Yangming’s Youth). Translated by Gwon Mi-suk. Seoul: Tongnamu.

48.

Wang, Jiahua 王家. 1988. 『日中儒の比較』(Comparison of Japanese and Chinese Confucianism). Tokyo: Rokko Shuppan.

49.

Woodside, Alexander. 2002. “Classical Primordialism and the Historical Agenda of Vietnamese Confucianism.” In Rethinking Confucianism: Past and Present in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam, edited by Benjamin A. Elman, John B. Duncan, and Herman Ooms. Los Angeles, CA: University of California.

50.

Yamaga, Soko 山鹿素行. 1913. 「或疑」(Questions of Someone). In 『中朝事實』(History of the Japanese Royal Court Representing the Central Civilization). Tokyo: Kinkodo Shoseki Kabushiki Kaisha.

51.

Yi, Dong-ju. 1995. “Sim Hyeon-jae-ui jungguk naemsae” (Touch of China in Sim Hyeon-jae’s Paintings). In Uri nara-ui yet geurimdeul (Old Paintings of Korea). Seoul: Hakgojae.

52.

Yoo, Myung-Jong. 1985. Joseon hugi seongnihak (Neo-Confucianism in the Late Joseon Period). Seoul: Imun Chulpansa.

53.

Yu, Hong-jun. 2000. “Gyeomjae Jeong Seon (sang)” (Gyeomjae Jeong Seon: Part I). Yeoksa bipyeong (Critical Review of History) 50.

54.

Yu, Insun. 1996. “Beteunam yeoksa-wa jungguk” (Vietnamese History and China). Nambang munhwa (Culture of Southeast Asia) 2.

55.

Zhou, Xunchu 周勳初. 1992. Jungguk munhak bipyeongsa (History of Chinese Literary Criticism). Translated by the Society of Chinese Studies. Seoul: Theory and Practice.

Korea Journal