바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

logo

  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Pension Politics in Korea after Democratization: The Failed Attempts of Party Politics and Social Dialogue

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2010, v.50 no.4, pp.186-211
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2010.50.4.186

  • Downloaded
  • Viewed

Abstract

This analysis of Korean pension politics under the Roh Moo-hyun administration focuses on the roles and limitations of party politics and social dialogue as institutional intermediaries between the state and civil society. It suggests that the social policy reform was made through formal democratic systems but without some of the essential elements of democracy. Although each political party admitted pension problems suggested by civil society during the initial stage of agenda formation, the final decision was made through negotiations among the political parties and government bureaucracy. In making decisions, there was no room to discuss the positions of labor, capital or other social groups. The political parties did not provide a channel for civil society’s positions to be reflected in National Assembly discussions. On the other hand, an attempt at social dialogue was initiated by the new ruling elite. Although various interest groups displayed the possibility of agreement, the process of social dialogue was stopped by the Ministry of Health and Welfare. Even after democratization, bureaucracy affected party politics and dominated social dialogue as Korean pension politics lacked institutional communication between the state and civil society.

keywords
party politics social dialogue bureaucracy democratization Korean pension reform

Reference

1.

Anderson, James. 1975. Public Policy Making. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons Limited.

2.

Anderson, Karen. 2005. “Pension Reform in Sweden: Radical Reform in a Mature Pension System.” In Ageing and Pension Reform around the World, edited by G. Bonoli and T. Shinkawa. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

3.

Bonoli, Giuliano. 2000. The Politics of Pension Reform. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

4.

Choi, Jang-Jip. 2005. Minjuhwa ihu-ui minjujuui (Democracy after Democratization). Seoul: Humanitas.

5.

Committee for the Development of National Pension. 2003. 2003 gungmin yeongeum jaejeong gyesan mit jedo gaeseon bangan (Financial Projection and Reform Plans of National Pension 2003). Seoul: Committee for the Development of National Pension.

6.

Eun, Soo-Mi. 2005. “Nodong undong geodeup nagi: wigi sok-ui jeongchi seryeokhwa, geu hu” (Reforming the Korean Labor Movement: Overcoming Crisis through Political Empowerment and Its Aftermath). Gyeongje-wa sahoe (Economy and Society) 67: 137-170.

7.

Kim, Yeong-Soon. 2005. “Minjuhwa-wa bokji jeongchi-ui byeonhwa: gungmin gicho saenghwal bojangbeop” (Democratization and Changes in Welfare Politics: The Case of Enacting Process of National Basic Livelihood Security Law). Hanguk-gwa gukje jeongchi (Korea and International Politics) 21.3: 97-126.

8.

Korpi, Walter. 1983. The Democratic Class Struggle. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

9.

Kwon, Huck-ju. 2005. “Transforming the Developmental Welfare State in East Asia.” Development and Change 36: 477-497.

10.

Pierson, Paul. 1996. “The New Politics of the Welfare Politics.” World Politics 48.2: 143-179.

11.

Republic of Korea, Ministry of Health and Welfare. 2005. “2005 noin bokji saeop jichim” (Guidelines for Elderly Welfare).

12.

Republic of Korea, Office for Government Policy Coordination. 2006. “Jeochulsan goryeonghwa daechaek yeonseok hoeui jiwondan gungmin yeongeum gaehyeok chamgo jaryo” (Materials on National Pension Reform Produced by the Supporting Organization for the Joint Meeting on Low Birth Rate and Aging Population).

13.

Reynaud, Emmanuel, ed. 2000. Social Dialogue and Pension Reform. Geneva: ILO.

14.

Seong, Kyoung-Ryung. 2002. “Minjujui-ui gonggohwa-wa bokji gukga-ui baljeon” (Consolidation of Democracy and the Development of the Welfare State). In Hanguk bokji gukga seonggyeok nonjaeng (The Debates on Charasteristic of Korean Welfare State), edited by Kim Yeon Myung. Seoul: Human and Welfare Books.

15.

Wong, Joseph. 2004. Healthy Democracies: Welfare Politics in Taiwan and South Korea. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

16.

Yang, Jae-jin, 2004. “Democratic Governance and Bureaucratic Politics: A Case of Pension Reform in Korea.” Policy and Politics 32.2: 193-206.

Korea Journal