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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Discussions Concerning the Legality of the 1910 “Annexation” of Korea by Japan

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2010, v.50 no.4, pp.13-41
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2010.50.4.13

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Abstract

The legality of Japan’s “annexation” of Korea under international law is an issue which forms the starting point and foundation of the bilateral relations between Korea and Japan. Therefore, it has been the object of acute confrontation between the two states. The so-called Japanese legal responsibility for its colonial rule over Korea is directly affected by the answer to the issue. Theoretically speaking, this legality should be judged solely on the basis of the validity of the 1910 Annexation Treaty between Korea and Japan. However, discussions concerning this issue also cover the validity of a series of other treaties concluded in the process of Japanese plundering of the sovereignty of Korea from 1904 to 1910. The argument for the invalidity of these treaties relating to the “annexation" of Korea is grounded on two major points: firstly, the 1905 Treaty and the 1910 Annexation Treaty were concluded in coercion; and secondly, several of these treaties have formal and procedural defects. Examining the two points, this paper concludes that the treaties relating to the “annexation” of Korea borrowed the mere appearance of treaties and therefore cannot be deemed to be valid.

keywords
annexation of Korea treaty Eulsa Treaty Annexation Treaty of Korea coercion ratification entrustment of full power principle of intertemporal law

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