바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

logo

  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

The 1927 “Emetine Injection Incident” in Colonial Korea and the Intervention of Korean Western-Trained Doctors

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2010, v.50 no.1, pp.160-177
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2010.50.1.160

  • Downloaded
  • Viewed

Abstract

The major cause of 1927’s so-called “Emetine Injection Incident” was the compulsory administration of emetine injections instituted by the colonial Korean sanitary police system, which aimed to create a hygienic environment for Koreans in a cost-effective manner. Though some Koreans criticized this compulsory police-administered treatment, this incident did not serve as a turning point that led either to the improvement or abolishment of the sanitary police system. After officially confirming that patients were poisoned, the Hanseong Medical Association (HMA) did not try to use the incident as a chance to raise their voice to improve the colonial medical system. Given that the aim of the HMA was to benefit medical practitioners, intervening in administrative actions may have laid outside its domain of interest. The HMA, as well as other Korean political organizations, failed to harness the anger generated by this incident to improve the sanitary environment in Korea. However, after the risks of the injection were publicized, Koreans began to be suspicious of injections performed by the police. The Emetine Incident led Korean people to see the sanitary policy of the colonial government from a different angle.

keywords
distoma emetine injection Korean Western doctor Hanseong Medical Association (HMA) sanitary police system

Reference

1.

Chosen sotokuhu kampo 朝鮮總督府官報(The Government-General’s Official Gazette)

2.

Keimuiho 警務彙報(Bulletin on Police)

3.

Sinmin (New People)

4.

Government-General in Korea. 1916. Chosen sotokuhu sisei nenpo·taisho 12 nenban 朝鮮總督府施政年報·大正12年版(The Annual Report of Japanese Government-General in Korea, 1916). Keijo: Government-General in Korea.

5.

Government-General in Korea. Police Bureau. 1941. Chosen keisatsu gaiyo 朝鮮警察槪要(Overview of the Korean Police). Keijo: Police Bureau, Government-General in Korea.

6.

Hong, Sun-won. 1981. Joseon bogeonsa (The History of Public Health in Korea). Pyongyang: Sahoegwahak Chulpansa.

7.

Kagami, Tetsutaro 加加見鐵太郞. 1916. “Kankyonando niokeru Haidistoma 咸鏡南道に於ける肺ヂストマ” (On Lung Distoma in Hamgyeongnam-do Province). Chosen iho 朝鮮彙報(Bulletin on Korea) 2.

8.

Kee, Chang-deok. 1995. Hanguk geundae uihak gyoyuksa (A History of Medical Education in Korea). Seoul: Academia.

9.

Kim, Tak-won. 1933. “Hoebo balgan-e daehayeo” (On the Publication of Bulletin). Hanseong uisa hoebo (Bulletin of Medical Doctors in Seoul). Seoul: Hanseong Uisahoe.

10.

Kobayashi, Harujiro 小林晴治郞. 1927. “Haidistomano baikaiosuru chosen no zariganino hanashi 肺ヂストマのを媒介する朝鮮のザリガニの話” (Crayfish Carrying Lung Distoma in Korea). Chosen oyobi mansyu 朝鮮及滿洲(Korea and Manchuria) 5.

11.

Kobayasi, Seitarou 岡山晴治郞. 1929. “Chosen no kiseichyubyo no kaiko 朝鮮の寄生蟲の回顧” (Recollection on Parasite Diseases in Korea). Chosen oyobi mansyu 朝鮮及滿洲(Korea and Manchuria) 10.

12.

Miki, Sakae 三木榮. 1963. Chosen igakusi oyobi sippeisi 朝鮮醫學史及疾病史(History of Korean Medicine and of Diseases in Korea). Osaka: Mikisakae.

13.

Miyairi, Keinosuke 宮入慶之助. 1916. “Haidisutomano yobo 肺ヂストマの豫防” (Prevention on Lung Distoma). Chosen iho 朝鮮彙報(Bulletin on Korea) 2.

14.

Moriyasu, Renkichi 森安連吉. 1915. “Hainikuchyubyo kenkyu daiichikai yobo 肺二口蟲病硏究第一回豫報” (The First Report on Lung Distoma). Chosen iho 朝鮮彙報(Bulletin on Korea) 12.

15.

Nakano, Arimitsu 中野有光. 1912. “Chosenno chihoubyou haidistomano ryuukouni tsuite 朝鮮の地方病肺ヂストマuの流行に就て” (On Prevalence of Lung Distoma in Korea). Chosen oyobi mansyu 朝鮮及滿洲(Korea and Manchuria) 2.

16.

Park, Yunjae. 2006. “Medical Policies toward Indigenous Medicine in Colonial Korea and India.” Korea Journal 46.1.

17.

Provisional Department of Land Survey. Health Center. 1918. “Haidistomachubyoni taisuru ensanemetinno chiryozikken 肺ヂストマ蟲病に對する鹽酸ヱメチンの治療實驗” (An Experiment on Emetine Injection for Lung Distoma). Chosen iho 朝鮮彙報(Bulletin on Korea) 4.

18.

Sato, Gozo 佐藤剛藏. 1956. Choseniikusi 朝鮮醫育史(The History of Medical Education in Korea). Ibaraki: Satosensekijusykugakai.

19.

Yeo, In-seok. 1993. “Dongui bogam-e natanan gisaengchung jilhwan” (Parasitic Diseases in Dongui bogam). Uisahak (Korean Journal of Medical History) 2.2.

20.

____________. 2008. “Seoyang uihaki-ui hanuihak insik-gwa suyong” (Perception and Acceptance of Oriental Traditional Medicine by Western Medicine). In Hanuihak sinminji-reul alta (Korean Traditional Medicine Suffers from Colonial Domination). Seoul: Acanet.

21.

Yi, Gyun-yeong. 1993. Singanhoe yeongu (A Study of Singanhoe). Seoul: Yoksa Pipyongsa.

22.

Yu, Il-jun. 1931. “Chosenno hudobyoni tsuite 朝鮮の風土病に就て” (On Korean Endemic Diseases). Chosen 朝鮮(Korea) 3.

Korea Journal