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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Historiography and the Remaking of North Korea’s Ideology in the Age of Globalization: Interpreting the Revised Edition of Ryeoksa sajeon

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2010, v.50 no.1, pp.133-159
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2010.50.1.133

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Abstract

This paper intends to reappraise the relationship between historiography and politics in North Korea by analyzing the revised edition of Ryeoksa sajeon (Dictionary of History). Published almost 30 years after its initial publication in 1971, the new edition embodies how desperately and earnestly North Korea has struggled to remake its own imagery and national identity in order to cope with a series of crisis after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and the death of Kim Il Sung in 1994. Are the two core ideologies penetrating the first edition.socialism founded on Marxism-Leninism and strong antipathy to U.S. imperialism.still unconditionally respected in the revised edition? Does the appearance of the revised edition indicate an important ideological transformation taking place among the ruling elite of North Korea? And, would rewriting history guarantee a safer and more promising future for the North Korean people in the age of globalization? These are questions that the author raises and attempts to answer.

keywords
North Korea Ryeoksa sajeon historiography Kim Jung Il globalization/homogeneification

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