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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

On the Hosokawa Farm and the History of Daejangchon, a Japanese-Style Village in Colonial Korea: Dilemmas in Rural Development

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2009, v.49 no.3, pp.121-150
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2009.49.3.121
MATSUMOTO Takenori (University of Tokyo)

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Abstract

Daejangchon, a village community of Japanese immigrants in colonial Korea, was unique in that it was built in rural area, unlike other Japanese communities in Korea which were typically built near cities. The large-scale development projects of the Japanese colonizers, such as Hosokawa Farm in Daejangchon, transformed a small village into a modern “town.” The radical changes brought to Daejangchon by development resulted in alienation from surrounding villages. The failure of Daejangchon to promote substantial growth for Korean peasants made clear the failure of naisen ittai (Japan and Korea as one body), the professed assimilation policy of Japan. The rapid decline of Daejangchon after liberation proved that the colonial development did not encourage substantial progress in conditions for local Koreans and was unwelcomed by the locals.

keywords
Daejangchon Hosokawa Farm immigrant community dilemma of development

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