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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Formation of the Minganhak and Modern Magazines in Colonial Korea: Focused on the Case of Gaebyeok

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2009, v.49 no.1, pp.98-119
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2009.49.1.98

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Abstract

This paper aims to examine the influence of the minganhak on the formation of knowledge culture in colonial Korea. The conflict between the gwanhak and the minganhak was pervasive across the Japanese empire. In Japan, the gwanhak meant official academism contributing to the nation’s goal of economic wealth and military strength, whereas the minganhak meant to pursue universal values and academic diversity. In colonial Korea, however, the two types of academism had different characteristics from the Japanese counterparts. The gwanhak in the colony meant the learning concerned with colonial policies, namely, partial but intensified form of the gwanhak in the metropole, whereas the minganhak in the colony was the imagined form of the gwanhak as role and system to run modern state. The colonial minganhak was marked by the continued political endeavor to remind the readers of the lost sovereignty and its resurrection. In colonial Korea in the 1920s, the magazine Gaebyeok functioned the foremost agency in forming and developing the colonial minganhak.

keywords
minganhak gwanhak Gaebyeok magazine censorship knowledge nation-state colony empire modernity

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