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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Consensus Democracy as an Alternative Model in Korean Politics

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2008, v.48 no.4, pp.181-213
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2008.48.4.181

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Abstract

This paper is a deontological justification of consensus democracy as an alternative model in Korean politics. Korea has experienced a crisis of representation marked by increasing exclusion of the voices of social minorities and a crisis of solidarity in which there is an absence of sufficient trust between social minorities and majorities. To solve these crises, this paper argues the need for a paradigm shift from majoritarian democracy to consensus democracy. Majoritarian democracy does not work properly as Korean society has undergone various, new cleavages from below, resulting in a widening gap between winners and losers. In contrast, consensus democracy in the form of a parliamentary system, proportional representation, and federalism may be an alternative model that could resolve people’s current discontent over Korean politics. However, many scholars criticize the inefficiency of consensus democracy based on consequentialist reasoning, which traces the result or effect of a certain policy in order to judge whether it is desirable or not. This paper argues against such criticism from the viewpoint of deontological reasoning in which a certain policy is supported as long as it bears its own value based on its capacity for normative rationalization.

keywords
consensus democracy majoritarian democracy crisis of representation crisis of solidarity consequentialist reasoning deontological reasoning

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