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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

“How to Cross the Border ” of Historical Perceptions in the History Textbooks of Korea,China and Japan: “Liquidation ” of the Asia-Pacific War and Historical Reconciliation

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2008, v.48 no.3, pp.133-165
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2008.48.3.133

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Abstract

In their dealing with the Tokyo Trial, history textbooks of the five East Asian countries have exhibited their indifference to Asian identity, as can be seen from their description of historical facts specific to the region from nationalist viewpoints, which are a far cry from being a comprehensive and balanced his-toriography. While some Japanese history textbooks avoid dealing with the war responsibility of Japan, other four East Asian countries have failed to exactly frame and fairly present the facts. In a word, the history textbooks of East Asian countries, though they advocate globalization, have not delivered to students the conciliatory and cooperative frameworks that will help them realize the universal value of human beings. The ideas of reconciliation and cooperation presuppose the fact-finding of a historical past, whether or not they be acceptable or unfavorable to oneself. There should be efforts to fairly deliver historical facts to the generations to come, which will be a starting point for a dialogue between the historical text-books of East Asian countries.

keywords
history education history textbook “liquidation” of the past Tokyo Trial San Francisco Peace Treaty war responsibility

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