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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Spatial Consciousness Represented in Provincial Maps from the Late Joseon Period

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2008, v.48 no.1, pp.106-135
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2008.48.1.106

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Abstract

This study is premised on the understanding that the purpose, perspective, and manner of representing land surfaces on a map may differ depending on who makes the map. The paper explores the characteristics of spatial percep- tion as well as overall aspects of the spatial consciousness revealed in old provincial maps from the late Joseon period, with reference to the Haedongjido(Atlas of Korea) in the mid-eighteenth century and the 1872 Maps. In the late Joseon period, local magistrates were the ones who usually hadcontrol over map production. They employed a painter well versed in the region or an experienced local official to draw the map for the purpose of effective gov- ernance and administration. Thus, old provincial maps from the late Joseon can be viewed as a visual representation of the power holders view of space. This paper also identifies the geometric elements of space that are exhibit-ed in provincial maps and categorized them broadly into three: place, path- way, and area. Places of power or ritual were identified as major elements of place; road networks, fortress gates, or mountain passes as elements of path- way; and core, semi-core, and periphery as elements of area. Finally, the paper examines the overall aspects of the map producers spa-tial consciousness. It was concluded that a map producers consciousness of space can be characterized by the power holder-centered view of space, moun- tain-and-stream-centered understanding of nature, and geomantic perception of topography.

keywords
Haedong jido 1872 Maps cartographer representation of space spatial perception spatial consciousness

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