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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

The Evolution of Anti-Americanism in Korea: Policy Implications for the United States

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2007, v.47 no.4, pp.177-176
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2007.47.4.177

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Abstract

Improved Korea-U.S. relations would serve the interests of both nationsand promote global/regional peace and stability. Therefore, the twonations should work together to alleviate anti-Americanism in Korea. Akey to accomplishing this task is for the United States to adequatelyunderstand its nature, origin, evolution, and political implications. Thispaper argues that the anti-Americanism articulated as an ideologyemerged during and after the Gwangju Uprising in 1980, and that thesubsequent ideological/intellectual struggles have spawned two distinctactivist groups: the Self-Reliance faction with pro-DPRK leanings, andthe Equality faction of both the anti-war and anti-neoliberal globaliza-tion lines. It emphasizes the significance of the newly-established anti-American social networks and a policy change on the part of the UnitedStates as well. This paper places utmost importance on the policy impli-cations of distinguishing between these two camps of social activists. Ina nutshell, it is argued that the U.S. policy-makers need to be keenlyaware that whether anti-Americanism will increase or die out in Koreagreatly depends on an accurate understanding of both the nature andconsequences of Korean social/political changes and policy decisionsthat take such an understanding into consideration.

keywords
The Gwangju Uprising debate on social formations socialcontext democratization the Self-Reliance faction the Equality fac-tion career activists178 KOREA JOURNAL / WINTER 2007 The Gwangju Uprising debate on social formations socialcontext democratization the Self-Reliance faction the Equality fac-tion career activists178 KOREA JOURNAL / WINTER 2007

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