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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Toegye’s Philosophy as Practical Ethics: A System of Learning, Cultivation, and Practice for Being Human

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2007, v.47 no.3, pp.160-185
https://doi.org/10.25024/kj.2007.47.3.160

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Abstract

Yi Hwang was a Korean scholar who further developed Neo-Confucian-ism on the foundation of Zhu Xis philosophy. However, when some ofthe Neo-Confucian concepts and logic found in Zhu Xis philosophy areapplied to Yi Hwangs theoretical framework, the following problemsarise: (1) his emphasis on Xinjing fuzhu (Selected Scriptures on theMind-Heart with Notes) and personality cultivation is rather inclinedtowards Yangmings philosophy; (2) the concept of the issuance of idefies the very definition of i; (3) and the interpretation of Heaven as atranscendental being is highly controversial. Yi Hwang suggested thatthe ultimate Neo-Confucian goal is to practice its ideology in everydaylife. This affected the formation of his theory and thus causes theseproblems. Consequently, one cannot discuss the merits of Yi Hwangssimseong theory without examining his cultivation theory. ToegyesPhilosophy was produced in the course of dynamic theoretical interac-tion where ones learning is combined with cultivation and culminatesin practice. Therefore, pursuit of practice is the main constituent, notan obstacle, to the completion of Toegyes philosophy.

keywords
Neo-Confucianism Korean Confucianism Sage Learning Toegye Yi Hwang Four-Seven debate cultivation theory and practice of the universe and objects with the two concepts ofi and gi sim-seong theory explains the structure and operation of humans Neo-Confucianism Korean Confucianism Sage Learning Toegye Yi Hwang Four-Seven debate cultivation theory and practice of the universe and objects with the two concepts ofi and gi sim-seong theory explains the structure and operation of humans

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