In the major elections of the 2000s, some civic groups of Korea experimented with cyberactivism, a new form of social movement. In the case of Korea, the elections of the 2000s were held amid a new structure characterized by the democratization and informatization that facilitated the big bang of civil society. The structure of political opportunities can function as a precondition or momentum that vitalizes social movements. A remarkable form of social movement that has emerged in the new structure of political opportunities is cyberactivism. Strategies of the civic groups that are based on the effective use of cyberspace are generat-ing great waves of transformation in the organization, goals, and effects of social movements. In particular, the cases analyzed in this study show that the political effects of cyberactivism greatly increase in electoral moments. Furthermore, the implications of cyberactivism will greatly affect our understanding of participatory democracy. It is from this perspective that the present study will carry out a comparative analysis of the characteristics of cyberactivism using the cases of CAGE (Citizens’ Alliance for the 2000 General Election) and Nosamo.
Yi, Ki-ho (Yi, Gi-ho), (1997) Hanguk-ui minjuhwa gwajeong-gwa sahoe undong network: 1987-1996 (Social Movement Networks in the Democratization Process of Korea: 1987-1996),
Yun, Seong-yi (Yun, Seong-i), (2003) 16dae daetongnyeong seon-geo-wa Internet-ui yeonghyangnyeok (16th Presidential Election in South Korea and the Effects of the Internet),
Yun, Young-min, (2003) An Analysis of Cyber-Electioneering: Focus on the 2002 Presidential Election in Korea, Cyberactivism and Political Empowerment in Civil Society
Lee, Won-Tae (Yi, Won-tae), (2004) Internet jeongchi chamyeo-e gwanhan yeongu: hanguk-ui je 17dae chongseon jeongguk-eul jungsim-euro (A Study of Internet-based Political Participation in Korea: A Case Study of the 17th General Election in 2004),
Lee, Won-Tae, (2005) Internet-ui jeongchijeok iyong-gwa jeongchi chamyeo: Je 17dae chongseon-eseo daehaksaeng jipdan-ui maeche iyong-gwa tupyo chamyeo-reul jungsim-euro (Political Use of the Inter-net and Political Participation: Media Usage and Voting Behavior of Korean University Students in the 17th General Assembly Election),
McAdam, (1988) Doug. 1988. The Micromobilization Context and Recruitment toActivism. In International Social Movement Research edited by B. Klan-dermans, JAI Press.
Millennium Democratic Party, (2003) Je 16dae daetongnyeong seon-geo baek-seo(White Paper on the 16th Presidential Election), NGO Times, Korea NGO Yearbook
Paik, Wook-Inn (Baek, Uk-in), (1999) Net-gwa sahoe undong (Net and Social Movement),
Park, Kie-Duk (Bak, Gi-deok), (2006) Hanguk minjujuui-ui iron-gwa silje: min-juhwa, gonggohwa, anjeonghwa (Theory and Practice of Korean Democ-racy: Transition, Consolidation and Stabilization), Seoul: Hanul
Park, Sang-Hoon (Bak, Sang-hun), (2006) Hanguk-ui 87nyeon cheje: min-juhwa ihu hanguk jeongdang cheje-ui gujo-wa byeonhwa (1987 Regime in Korea: Changes and Structures of the Party System after Democratization),
Park, Dong-Jin, (2004) Jeonjajeok gongnonjang-gwa 16dae daetongnyeong seon-geo (Electronic Public Sphere and the 16th Presi-dential Election in Korea),