Some Korean power groups suffered from a lack of political legitimacy,so they tried to control the thoughts of citizens. Those in political powerrelied on unconstitutional, antidemocratic violence, and went further tomobilize anticommunist ideology to justify this violence. Especially,since the Korean peninsula was divided into North and South, empha-sis on national security from foreign adversaries was easily coupledwith anticommunist ideology. From liberation until the 1980s, freedomof thought and freedom of expression were not fully guaranteed inKorean society. Abuse of thought-control laws was naturally met with resistance.Citizens resistance against the military dictatorship in June 1987brought about the June 29 Declaration. As democratization progressed,the question of whether to repeal or revise the National Security Lawwas very frequently discussed whenever political power shifted. Howev-er, it should be kept in mind that in order to consolidate democracyand guarantee human rights, a mere revision or repeal of the NationalSecurity Law is insufficient. More importantly, genuine democratiza-tion can be achieved only when the state apparatus that implementedthought control laws, as well as the judiciary branch that applied thelaw to many cases, both confess their antidemocratic acts and guaran-tee that similar cases will not recur in the future.
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