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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Growth and Crisis of the Korean Citizens’ Movement

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2006, v.46 no.2, pp.99-128

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Abstract

Differing from the previous movement in terms of objective and approach, the citizens movement is closely connected to the political opposition that existed during the military dictatorship period. Contrary to the citizens movements of other advanced countries, especially those of Japan, the Korean citizens movement has tended to put heavier emphasis on political transformation than on the everyday lives of peo- ple. Among Korean civil organizations, however, while some groups are similar to those of the New Social Movements in terms of their objectives and philosophy, others are not. These comprehensive citizens movement organizations implicitly set macro-structural changes in Korean society as their goal, believing that their mission was the criti- cism of Seoul-based national politics. Although the movement enjoyed rapid growth from the 1990s, a sense of crisis spread to the activists after the advent of Koreas economic crisis, the establishment of civilian governments, and globalization. Along with these, limited human resource pools or the so-called crisis of reproducing the citizens movement activists also cannot be ignored.

keywords
citizens’ movement nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) New Social Movements (NSM) comprehensive citizens’ movement neoliberalism institutionalization global civil society

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