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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Korean Citizens’ Movement Organizations: Their Ideologies, Resources, and Action Repertoires

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2006, v.46 no.2, pp.68-98

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Abstract

This paper aims to examine the characteristics of Korean citizens movement organizations. While the 1989 inauguration of the Citizens Coalition for Economic Justice heralded a completely new start for the social movement of the 1990s, citizens movement organizations activi- ties displayed a continuity with the democratization movement by con- tinuously demanding political reform. Differing from the 1980s social movement and led by radical ideologies, the major citizens movement organizations, despite some ideological differences, displayed a new trend that could have been categorized as liberalism. They also encompassed a wide range of policy issues; in particular, the resource mobilization methods of citizens movement organizations, such as the collection of membership fees and contributions, were considerably different from those of past movement organizations, which centered on human resources. It is also to be noted that they continuously pushed ahead with theunfinished tasks of the democratization movement through the main-streaming of democratic reform issues. That they grew into such mas- sive institutions that they begged being called pseudo-political parties by dealing with comprehensive issues might have been the result of their having organized themselves with a view to coping with a centralized authoritarian power structure.

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