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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Changes in Ideological Terrain and Political Consciousness in South Korea

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2005, v.45 no.3, pp.117-136

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Abstract

This paper aims to examine the ideological terrain and the change in political ideology and consciousness since the economic crisis of 1997late 1990s in South Korea. The ideological terrain in South Korea changed from thea Conservative-led one to that of a competition of among the Conservative, the Moderateiddle, and the Progressive, and while the impact of globalization each of these three patterns is divided into two categories by .the impact of globalization. Region and generation have played a more critical role than class in the formation of political consciousness in South Korea. Regionalism or regionalistic sentiment has emerged as the most significant criterion since the June Democratization Movement of 1987 while generation factor has gained more influence with globalization and the coming of information society since the late 1990s. Recent changes in the ideological terrain of South Korea can be interpreted not as the end of ideology or the renaissance of ideology, but as the coexistence of the politicization and depoliticization of civil and political societies.

keywords
political ideology political consciousness the Conservative the Moderate the Progressive regionalism generational difference globalization the information society

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