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  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Anti-Americanism in South Korea: From Structural Cleavages to Protest

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2005, v.45 no.1, pp.257-288

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Abstract

This article maintains that recent anti-American protest waves in South Korea are rather driven by internal structural cleavages than by the behavior of the U.S. government. Anti-Americanism is considered as a "master frame" in order to link a broad range of different social interests and groups. In the first step, an outline of the problem definitions (diagnostic framing), solutions (prognostic framing) and the historical consciousness (memory framing) of the anti-American protest movement in South Korea is drawn. In the second step, structural cleavages in the subsystem of education, economy, politics and religion are described. It will be discussed, why different social groups take up a critical stance towards the United States. The conclusion is that the influence of the United States on the public opinion in South Korea is very limited, even if the U.S. government changes, for example, its political strategy towards North Korea. To some degree, anti-Americanism in South Korea appears to be independent of the U.S. policy.

keywords
Anti-Americanism protest movements master frames structural cleavages mobilization Anti-Americanism protest movements master frames structural cleavages mobilization

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