바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

logo

  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

The Dilemma of Korean Conservatism

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2005, v.45 no.1, pp.202-232

  • Downloaded
  • Viewed

Abstract

A paradoxical argument has been made repeatedly with regard to conservatism in Korea: “There is a conservative force, but no conservative philosophy in Korean politics. This is what I would define as the dilemma of Korean conservatism. Thus Koreansboth academic scholars and politicianshave been suffering from a perennial complex, this being the lack of a proper conservative political philosophy. However, this complex is derived from a misguided internalization of West-centrism, a phenomenon that is quite common in many contemporary Third World countries that have been spellbound by West-centrsim. When they consider conservative philosophy, they usually have a Burkean (or British) conservative political philosophy in mind. But the conditions that had led to the formation of such a conservative political philosophy have been utterly lacking in Korea. The fundamental reason for this difference is, of course, derived from the fact that the context of modernization in Korea, like many Third World countries, was radically different from that in England. Thus, I will first try to articulate the three causes for such this difference in the paper: the conservative monopoly of politics and political power, the original contradiction between political and philosophical conservatism, and the heavy dependency of Korean political theories upon outside (Western) sources for their formation and innovation. Thereafter I will suggest two strategies for nourishing philosophical conservatism in order to overcome this dilemma: one outlines a strategy of aligning political conservatism with the support for liberal democracy and the market economy more tightly, and the other is a strategy of taking advantage of traditional cultural resources such as Confucianism.

keywords
the dilemma of Korean conservatism conservatism philosophical conservatism political conservatism Confucianism. the dilemma of Korean conservatism conservatism philosophical conservatism political conservatism Confucianism.

Reference

1.

(1999) Minju jeongchi-wa hanguk bosujuui-ui wisang(The Position of Korean Conservatism in Democratic Politics) In Hanguk-ui bosujuui (Conservatism in Korea), Goyang: Ingansarang

2.

(1995) Democracy in Confucian Societies The Challenge of Justification In Toward Illiberal Democracy in Pacific Asia edited by Daniel Bell et al, Martin’s Press

3.

(1991) Political Ideologies in Korean Society Dominant Ideologies of Korean Society edited by the Korean Research Institute for Industrial Societies,

4.

(1989) The Society of No Thoughts,

5.

(1999) Hanguk-ui bosujuui-wa yugyo(Korean Conservatism and Confucianism) In Hanguk-ui bosujuui,

6.

(1991) The Rhetoric of Reaction, The Belknap Press of Harvard University

7.

(1991) The Third Wave, University of the Oklahoma Press

8.

(1999) Asiajeok gachi-wa jabonjuui: joyuljeok bunhwa-ui seonjinseong(Asian Values and Capitalism: Coordinated Differentiation and Its Edge), Cheolhak yeongu (Philosophical Review),

9.

(1999) Hangukjeok bosu(Korean-Style Conservatism) In Hanguk-ui bosujuui,

10.

(1999) Hanguk-ui bosujuui (Conservatism in Korea), Goyang: Ingansarang

11.

(1996) Sasang-ui jeongae-reul tonghae bon hanguk-ui geundae moseup(Korean Modernity Analyzed in Terms of the Evolution of Political Thought) In Hanguk-ui geundae-wa geundaesung bipan (The Critique of Modernization and Modernity in Korea), Seoul: The Institute of Korean Historical Studies

12.

(1999) Yugyojeok jabonjuui-ui ingan jonjung-gwa gongsaengjuui(The Respect of Human Dignity and the Principle of Symbiosis in Confucian Capitalism), Seoul: Yulwhadang

13.

(1985) On the Correlation between the Division and the Social Situation Korean Society in the Age of Division edited by Byeon Hyeong-yun et al,

14.

(1999) Seogu bosujuui-ui giwon-gwa baljeon(The Origin and Evolution of Western Conservatism) In Hanguk-ui bosujuui,

15.

(1972) 2 of Marxism,

16.

(1999) Minju jeongchi-wa hanguk bosujuui-ui wisang(The Position of Korean Conservatism in Democratic Politics) In Hanguk-ui bosujuui (Conservatism in Korea), Goyang: Ingansarang

17.

(1995) Democracy in Confucian Societies The Challenge of Justification In Toward Illiberal Democracy in Pacific Asia edited by Daniel Bell et al, Martin’s Press

18.

(1991) Political Ideologies in Korean Society Dominant Ideologies of Korean Society edited by the Korean Research Institute for Industrial Societies,

19.

(1989) The Society of No Thoughts,

20.

(1999) Hanguk-ui bosujuui-wa yugyo(Korean Conservatism and Confucianism) In Hanguk-ui bosujuui,

21.

(1991) The Rhetoric of Reaction, The Belknap Press of Harvard University

22.

(1991) The Third Wave, University of the Oklahoma Press

23.

(1999) Asiajeok gachi-wa jabonjuui: joyuljeok bunhwa-ui seonjinseong(Asian Values and Capitalism: Coordinated Differentiation and Its Edge), Cheolhak yeongu (Philosophical Review),

24.

(1999) Hangukjeok bosu(Korean-Style Conservatism) In Hanguk-ui bosujuui,

25.

(1999) Hanguk-ui bosujuui (Conservatism in Korea), Goyang: Ingansarang

26.

(1996) Sasang-ui jeongae-reul tonghae bon hanguk-ui geundae moseup(Korean Modernity Analyzed in Terms of the Evolution of Political Thought) In Hanguk-ui geundae-wa geundaesung bipan (The Critique of Modernization and Modernity in Korea), Seoul: The Institute of Korean Historical Studies

27.

(1999) Yugyojeok jabonjuui-ui ingan jonjung-gwa gongsaengjuui(The Respect of Human Dignity and the Principle of Symbiosis in Confucian Capitalism), Seoul: Yulwhadang

28.

(1985) On the Correlation between the Division and the Social Situation Korean Society in the Age of Division edited by Byeon Hyeong-yun et al,

29.

(1999) Seogu bosujuui-ui giwon-gwa baljeon(The Origin and Evolution of Western Conservatism) In Hanguk-ui bosujuui,

30.

(1972) 2 of Marxism,

Korea Journal