바로가기메뉴

본문 바로가기 주메뉴 바로가기

logo

  • P-ISSN0023-3900
  • E-ISSN2733-9343

Gender Inequality and Patriarchal Order Reexamined

Korea Journal, (P)0023-3900; (E)2733-9343
2004, v.44 no.1, pp.22-41

  • Downloaded
  • Viewed

Abstract

This paper explores the fundamental principles and mechanisms of thepatriarchal order that facilitate the production of gender inequality incontemporary Korea. Instead of focusing on the external forces such asthe industrialization or globalization, it pays attention to internal ones,examining how they interact to generate gender inequality in specific his-torical context. The ideology of the male breadwinner has worked veryclosely with the state, global capital, and class ideology in various andsubtle ways. Women were included in rapid industrialization as cheaplabor, while they were forced out of the workforce during the financialcrisis because they were not regarded as primary breadwinners. Patrilineality is another generative mechanism that facilitates theproduction and maintenance of gender inequality. Hojuje (family-headsystem), the concentrated representation of patrilineality, has institu-tionalized women to relegation as second-class citizens. The paper con-cludes that gender inequality cannot be mitigated unless gender politicsdirectly intervene to tackle the fundamental principles of patriarchalorder.

keywords
gender inequality male breadwinner patrilineality genderpolitics gender discrimination patriarchal order hojujeCho Uhn (Jo Eun) is Professor of Sociology at Dongguk University. She obtained herPh.D. in Sociology from the University of Hawaii gender inequality male breadwinner patrilineality genderpolitics gender discrimination patriarchal order hojujeCho Uhn (Jo Eun) is Professor of Sociology at Dongguk University. She obtained herPh.D. in Sociology from the University of Hawaii

Reference

1.

Bai, Moo Ki, (1995) Women’s Employment Structure and Male-Female Wage Differentials in Korea (In Women and Industrialization) in Asia, edited by Susan Horton. London: Routledge.,

2.

Chang, Pilwha, (2003) Cyberspace and Sexuality, Korea Journal

3.

Cho, Uhn (Jo, Eun), (2002) Global Capital and Local Patriarchy: The Financial Crisis and Women Workers in South Korea (In Women and Work) in Globalising Asia, edited by Dong-Sook S. Gills and Nicola Piper. , London:

4.

Cho, Uhn, (1994) Nodong sijang-eseoui seong bulpyeongdeung-ui siltae-wa geukbok bangan(A Report on Gender Inequality in the Labor Market), Seoul: Korea Women’s Development Institute

5.

Gills, Dong-Sook S, (2002) Women and Work in Globalising Asia, London: Routledge

6.

Han, Jongwoo, (1998) Authoritarianism in the Hypermasculinized State: Hybridity, Patriarchy, and Capitalism in Korea, International Studies Quarterly

7.

Jang, Ji-yeon, (2000) Jeonggyu/bijeonggyu jeonhwan-eul jungsim-euro bon chwieomnyeok-gwa saengae gwajeong=Work History and Life-Course Examined through Conversion between Regular and Irregular Employment, Nodong gyeongje nonjip=Korean Journal of Labor Economics

8.

Jeon, Bang-ji, (1998) Gukje jipyo-wa hanguk-ui seong bulpyeongdeung=International Index and Gender Inequality in Korea, Yeoseong-gwasahoe=Women and Society

9.

Jeon, Sun-ok (Chun, Soonok), (2004) Kkeunnaji anneun sida-ui norae—1970 nyeondae hanguk yeoseong nodong undong-e daehan saeroun jari maegim (They Are Not Machines)=Originally published as They Are Not Machines , Seoul: Hankyoreh,Hampshine: Ashgate

10.

Jo, Sun-gyeong, (1998) Minjujeok sijang gyeongje-wa yugyojeok gabujangje=Democratic Market Economy and Confucian Patriarchy, Gyeongje-wa sahoe (Economy and Society)

11.

Kang, I-su, (1998) Tonggye-ro bon hanguk yeoseong-ui jiwi=Women’s Status Seen through the Statistics, Yeoseong-gwa sahoe

12.

Kim, Elaine H, (1998) Dangerous Women: Gender & Korean Nationalism, London: Routledge

13.

Kim, Hyeon-mi, (1999) Hanguk nodong undong-ui damnon bunseok-eul tonghae bon seongjeok jaehyeon-ui jeongchihak=The Politics of Gender Representation Seen through the Discourse Analysis of the Korean Labor Movement, Hanguk yeoseonghak

14.

Kim, Seon-uk, (1988) Yeoseong-gwa beop, irun geot-gwa iruji motan geot Women and Law Success and Failure., Yeoseong-gwa sahoe

15.

Kim, Seung-Kyung, (1977) Class Struggle or Family Struggle?: The Lives of Women Factory Workers in South Korea, Cambridge: Cambridge University

16.

Kim, Yeong-ran, (1998) Bin-gon-ui yeoseonghwa, sahoe bokji, segyehwa=Feminization of Poverty, Social Welfare, and Globalization , Yeoseonggwa sahoe

17.

Koo, Hagen, (2001) Korean Workers, New York: Cornell University Press

18.

Korea Economic Planning Board (KEPB), (1977) Gyeongje hwaldong ingu yeonbo=Annual Report of Economically Active Population, Seoul: KEPB

19.

Korea National Statistical Office (KNSO), (2000) Gyeongje hwaldong in-gu yeonbo=Annual Report of Economically Active Population , Daejeon:KNSO

20.

(1970) In-gu dongtae tonggye yeonbo=Annual Report on the Vital Statistics , Daejeon: KNSO

21.

(2001) Honin ihon tonggye=Report on the Marriages and Divorces Statistics, Daejeon: KNSO

22.

(2001) Sahoe tonggye josa=Social Statistics Survey, Daejeon: KNSO

23.

Korea Women’s Associations United (KWAU), (1998) Yeollin huimang=Open Hope, Seoul: Dongduk Women’s University Press

24.

Korea Women’s Development Institute (KWDI), (2000) Blueprint for Women’s Development,

25.

(2000) Yeoseong tonggye yeonbo=Statistical Yearbook on Women, Seoul: Korea Women’s Development Institute

26.

Korean Statistical Information System (KOSIS),

27.

Lee, Hyekyoung, (2002) Women in Poverty, Public Assistance, and Welfare Services in Korea, Korea Journal

28.

Lie, John, (1998) Han Unbound—The Political Economy of South Korea, Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press

29.

Ministry of Labor (MOL), (1988) Republic of Korea. Nodong tonggye yeon-gam =Year Book of Labor Statistics, Gwacheon: MOL

30.

(1991) Yeoseong-gwa chwieop=Women and Employment , Seoul: Ministry of Labor, Republic of Korea

31.

Moon, Seungsook (Mun, Seung-suk), (1998) Begetting the Nation: The Androcentric Discourse of National History and Tradition in South Korea( In Dangerous Women: Gender & Korean Nationalism) , London: Routledge

32.

(1999) Namseong-ui namseong-e uihan namseong-eul wihan hanguk=Korea, of the Man by the Man for the Man, Dangdae bipyeong (Contemporary Criticism)

33.

Park, Saeil, (1988) Labor Issues in Korea’s Future, World Development

34.

Presidential Commission on Women’s Affairs (PCWS), (1999) Yeoseong baek seo=The Presidential Commission on Women’s Affairs White Paper, Seoul: Republic of Korea.

35.

Shin, Kwang-Yeong (Sin, Gwang-yeong), (2000) Economic Crisis and Patriarchy , the 4th conference of Asian Pacific Sociological, Japan

36.

(2004) Gyegeup, seong-gwa iljari idong=Class, Gender and Job Mobility, Hanguk sahoehak (Korean Journal of Sociology)

37.

Tomaskovic-Devey, Donald, (1993) Gender & Racial Inequality at Work, New York: ILR Press

38.

Yang, Hyunah, (1998) Remembering the Korean Military Comfort Women: Nationalism, Sexuality, and Silencing (In Dangerous Women), London: Routledge

39.

(2002) Unfinished Tasks for Korean Family Policy in the 1990s: Maternity Protection Policy and Abolition of the Family-Head System, Korea Journal

40.

Yi Bak, Hye-gyeong, (1998) Sarang-i uri-reul pyeongdeung hage harira? =Love will Set You Equal?, Yeoseong-gwa sahoe

41.

Yi, Ok-ji, (2001) Hanguk yeoseong nodongja undongsa=History of Female Worker’s Movement in Korea, Seoul: Hanul

42.

Yoon, Bang-Soon, (1998) Korean Women in the Global Economy: Industrialization and Gender Politics in South Korea, Yonsei Journal of Women’s

Korea Journal